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2019钱币精选:乾隆通宝

时间:2019-09-12 19:58来源: 作者: 点击:
 

乾隆通宝是乾隆时期的流通货币, 乾隆皇帝在位的60年里施展其"文治武功"的治国策略,创造了封建社会里最后一个辉煌盛世,之后民间便盛传佩带"乾隆通宝"铜钱可驱灾辟邪,又因乾隆二字谐音"钱隆"而备受后世藏家所喜爱的钱币。

Emperor Qianlong Tongbao was the currency in circulation during the Qianlong period. During his 60 years in office, Emperor Qianlong carried out his strategy of governing the country with "literary and martial arts" and created the last glorious prosperity in feudal society. Later, it was widely spread among the people that wearing "Qianlong Tongbao" bronze money could drive away evil spirits and was popular with later collectors because of its two-character homophonic "Qianlong". Coin.

该钱币铸于清高宗乾隆年间(1736-1795年),背面的满文比较复杂,上面有很详细的价格和钱币拓片。乾隆通宝钱径约25毫米,重约3g。钱面文字"乾隆通宝"以楷书书写,其字从上而下而右而左直读。钱背文字沿雍正满文钱式穿孔左边有"宝"字,穿孔右边铸有各局名 。币种与不同时期形状与大小也有不同

The coin was coined during the reign of Emperor Qianlong (1736-1795) in Qing Dynasty. The Manchu language on the back of the coin is more complex, with detailed prices and rubbings on it. Qianlong Tongbao Qian is about 25 mm in diameter and 3 G in weight. Qianlong Tongbao, written in regular script, is read directly from top to bottom, right to left. The characters on the back of Qian have the word "treasure" on the left side of Yongzheng Manchu money-style perforation and the names of bureaus on the right side of the perforation. Currencies differ in shape and size from time to time.

乾隆通宝铸于清高宗乾隆年间(1736-1795年),背面的满文比较复杂,可以参考华光普的《中国古钱币目录》,上面有很详细的价格和钱币拓片。历史年代为,清高宗乾隆年间(1736~1795年)。绝大部分为小平钱,新疆红钱有部分当十钱,宝泉、宝巩发现有大钱,但应为开炉或后铸花钱,非行用品。

Qianlong Tongbao was cast in the reign of Emperor Qianlong of Qing Dynasty (1736-1795). The Manchu language on the back is more complex. You can refer to Huaguangpu's Catalogue of Ancient Chinese Coins, which has a detailed price and rubbings. Historically, the reign of Emperor Gaozong and Emperor Qianlong in Qing Dynasty (1736-1795). Most of them are small ordinary money. Some of Xinjiang's red money is ten dollars. Baoquan and Baogong find that they have large money, but they should spend money for the start-up or post-casting, not for commercial use.

乾隆通宝,字从上而下而右而左直读,钱背文字沿雍正满文钱式穿孔左边有"宝"字,穿孔右边铸有各局名。乾隆通宝"版式很多,钱文方面京局的多用宋体,宝浙局多用楷书,宝陕、宝川两局用隶书,但大多数地方钱局用宋体。新疆红钱部分局背满文,其他则背维文和满文。少数钱背有星、汉字,又有记年,记值,合背,吉语等钱。乾隆常见的共有二十二个铸局,新疆红钱有六个铸局。

Qianlong Tongbao, the characters read directly from top to bottom, right to left, Qianbei characters along Yongzheng Manchu money-style perforation left with the word "Bao", perforation right with the name of each bureau. "Qianlong Tongbao" has many formats. In terms of money and literature, the Beijing Bureau uses Song Style, the Baozhe Bureau uses regular scripts, and the Baoshan and Baochuan bureaus use Li Style, but most local money bureaus use Song Style. Some bureaus in Xinjiang recite Manchu, while others recite Uighur and Manchu. A small amount of money carries stars, Chinese characters, chronology, value, recitation, auspicious language and other money. There are 22 casting bureaus in Qianlong, and six in Xinjiang.

乾隆通宝钱径约2.2-2.5厘米,厚0.1厘米,重约2.4-4.8克。钱面文字"乾隆通宝"以楷书书写,其字从上而下而右而左直读。钱背文字沿雍正满文钱式穿孔左边有"宝"字,穿孔右边铸有各局名。乾隆通宝连宝泉、宝源在内先后有29局开铸,多用黄铜与青铜,也引进国外洋铜浇制法。新疆地区新用方孔圆钱,开设伊犁、阿克苏、乌什、叶尔羌、喀什葛尔、库车等局,因用自产红铜鼓铸、故称为"新疆红钱"或"普尔钱"("普尔"维语即钱的意思)。乾隆通宝只少数钱背文看见星号或汉字。乾隆通宝还有合面钱、吉语钱以及私铸劣质钱、鹅眼钱等,品类不下百种,存于世上的有雕母数种,至为珍贵。

Qianlong Tongbao Qian is about 2.2-2.5 cm in diameter, 0.1 cm in thickness and 2.4-4.8 grams in weight. Qianlong Tongbao, written in regular script, is read directly from top to bottom, right to left. The characters on the back of Qian have the word "treasure" on the left side of Yongzheng Manchu money-style perforation and the names of bureaus on the right side of the perforation. Qianlong Tongbao Lianbaoquan and Baoyuan have been cast in 29 innings, using brass and bronze, and introducing foreign casting methods. In Xinjiang, the new use of square hole yuan coins is Yili, Aksu, Wushi, Yerqiang, Kashgar, Kuqa and other bureaus. They are called "Xinjiang Red Money" or "Puerqian" ("Puerwei" means money) because they are made of self-produced red bronze drums. Only a few Qianlong Tongbao can see asterisks or Chinese characters in the back. Qianlong Tongbao also has coin money, lucky language money, illicitly forged low-quality money, goose-eye money and so on. There are no less than 100 kinds of coins in the world, even precious ones.

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